Titans of the children’s literary world have paid tribute to Shirley Hughes following her death aged 94.

Children’s author and illustrator Hughes, best known for her much-loved books in the Alfie series, about a boy called Alfie and his little sister Annie Rose – as well as children’s picture book Dogger, died “peacefully at home after a short illness on Friday 25th February 2022”, a statement to the PA news agency said.

Shirley Hughes death
Children’s author and illustrator Shirley Hughes who has died at the age of 94, her family has said (Lizzie Mayson/PA)

Sir Michael Morpurgo hailed Hughes for having “began the reading lives of so many millions”.

War Horse author Sir Michael said in a statement to the PA News agency: “We have all grown up with the stories and drawings of Shirley Hughes deep inside us. We’ve enjoyed them for ourselves, with our children, with our grandchildren.

“Shirley must have began the reading lives of so many millions. That moment when you’ve read a book like Alfie and sit back and think ‘that was wonderful, tell me another’. Thank you Shirley from all of us, children of today and children of yesterday.”

Her beloved children’s book Dogger, first published in 1977 about a little boy who loses his stuffed toy dog, went on to win her the Kate Greenaway Medal, which its website says is awarded for “an outstanding book in terms of illustration for children and young people”.

Author and illustrator Shirley Hughes was made a CBE by the Duke of Cambridge in 2017 (PA)

It was an achievement that Hughes would obtain again, winning the prize a second time for Ella’s Big Chance, a reimagining of Cinderella, in 2003.

Throughout her career, she illustrated some 200 children’s books and accrued lifetime sales surpassing more than 10 million copies of her books.

She was appointed a CBE in 2017 for her services to children’s literature, having been made an OBE in 1999.

Sir Philip Pullman, author of His Dark Materials, said in a tribute: “Shirley Hughes was admired, enjoyed, talked about, listened to, read, looked at, thought about as much as any other illustrator has ever been but no other illustrator, I can say for certain, was ever loved as much.”

Another first in her career was being awarded the inaugural BookTrust Lifetime Achievement award in 2015 by a judging panel which included some of her celebrated colleagues from the literary world, including Sir Michael and Malorie Blackman.

She said of the accolade at the time: “Being chosen for the BookTrust Lifetime Achievement Award is a tremendous honour which I appreciate more than I can say. I have derived so much fulfilment from my long career, first as an illustrator of other artists’ stories and then creating my own.

“Best of all has been perennially encountering very young children who are learning to look with such rapt pleasure and follow a story visually long before they are able to read.”

Sir Michael is quoted as saying of her accolade: “She is also a national treasure to parents, because many millions of them too have grown up with Shirley Hughes, and are now passing on their affection for her stories, her characters and her illustration, to their own children.

“BookTrust’s first Lifetime Achievement Award could not be more richly deserved.”

BookTrust, the UK’s largest children’s reading charity, paid tribute to Hughes, tweeting: “All of us at @BookTrust are devastated to hear the news that Shirley Hughes has passed away at the age of 94.

“Shirley’s incredible stories and illustrations, from Dogger to Alfie and Lucy and Tom, have touched so many generations and are still so loved. Thank you, Shirley.”

The author was made a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 2000 and in 2014 she was awarded the Simon Wiesenthal Centre/Museum of Tolerance Children’s Book Award for Hero On A Bicycle, her first novel published in 2012.

Born in West Kirby, she was the daughter of TJ Hughes – who founded what would become a successful chain of department stores that first originated in Liverpool, and she studied drawing and costume design at the Liverpool School of Art, and also studied fine art at Oxford’s Ruskin School of Art.

Her early work included illustrations for Dorothy Edwards’ My Naughty Little Sister, with the first picture book she illustrated and wrote being Lucy And Tom’s Day in 1960.

In 2017, asked about her inspiration for Dogger, she told the PA news agency: “The inspiration behind it was another lost toy. We did look everywhere, but we never found it. (The actual) Dogger was a present to our son when he was two years old.

“At that time, both his ears flopped over, but (Dogger) was pressed so lovingly against his owner’s face that one ear was pushed upwards, so when I came to do the story I used him as a model.

“When the book was finished I was told it was too English to be popular abroad. However, it proved to be my big breakthrough and has been published in many different languages all over the world.”

An illustration of Alfie by Shirley Hughes from Alfie Gets In First (PA)

Hughes also said at the time of her favourite children’s book when she was growing up: “I remember being given wonderful fairytales, especially the editions illustrated by Arthur Rackham, whose collections had wonderful colour plates with tissue paper over them.

“I remember his edition of Peter Pan In Kensington Gardens. Another illustrator whose fairytale books I enjoyed was Edmund Dulac.”

She went on to collaborate on the Dixie O’Day series with her daughter Clara, who is also an illustrator, and guest edited an edition of BBC Radio 4’s Woman’s Hour in 2017, as well as appearing on Radio 4’s Desert Island Discs in 2001.

Author Michael Rosen was among those paying tribute to Hughes, writing on Twitter: “Shirley Hughes has gone. Long live wonderful, lovely Shirley. You’ve delighted and moved us for years and years and years and will go on doing so.”

She was married to architect John Vulliamy and the couple had three children – Clara and sons Ed and Tom.

The family statement added: “Shirley’s books about everyday family life are adored by generations of families and she is held in the highest esteem by her peers.”